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Conserving Canada's Marine Biodiversity

Secondary

Description

The activities provided in this resource have the goal of helping students become passionate about Canada’s oceans, raise awareness of conservation issues, and bring Canada’s oceans just a little bit closer to home. The portion of the resource that is for secondary level has two well designed activities to familiarize students to biodiversity and sustainable ecosystems.

The first activity, Ready, Set, Fish is a simulation game where students will examine the conflicts in creating a sustainable fishery – balancing the economic needs of people with the health of the ocean. Through this activity students will:

  • learn that sustainability is the ability to balance the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs
  • assess the impact of overfishing and its impact on sustainability in an aquatic ecosystem  
  • identify major contemporary environmental challenges, and explain their causes and effects 
  • analyse social and economic issues related to overfishing and sustainable fishing
During the second activity, Dissolving in an ocean of acid, students will examine how adding CO2 to water makes an acidic solution, and observe how calcium carbonate behaves in water with different levels of acidity. Through this activity, students will:
  • assess the impact of ocean acidification on coral reef ecosystems 
  • analyse how an understanding of the properties of chemical substances and their reactions can be applied to solve environmental challenges 
  • analyse the impact that climate change might have on the diversity of living things 
  • prepare solutions of a given concentration by diluting a concentrated solution 
  • investigate the process of acid–base neutralization

 

General Assessment

What skills does this resource explicitly teach?

  • Lab safety rules
  • Using an electronic balance
  • Using an indicator to find the pH of a solution
  • Creating a line graph or a bar graph
  • prepare solutions of a given concentration by diluting a concentrated solution

Strengths

  • A glossary of terms is provided
  • Every lesson is extremely well explained and all activities are complete
  • All reproductibles are included in the resources
  • Curriculum expectation and learning goals for the lesson are clearly enumerated
  • Activities can help students attain outcomes in Math, Biology and Chemistry
  • Extension activities are provided for all activities in this resource
  • Each activity in this resource comes with a wealth of background information

Weaknesses

  • A lot of lab materials are needed to complete the second activity
  • No assessment materials are provided
  • No action plan is in place in this resource

Recommendation of how and where to use it

This resource is a great way to build understanding of the concept of biodiversity and sustainability of an ecosystem in Science or Biology classes, students will also need to make graphs, and present their data so it is a good way to incorporate Math data outcomes. Also, the second activity connects well to the idea of chemical reactions in Chemistry classes. 

Relevant Curriculum Units

The following tool will allow you to explore the relevant curriculum matches for this resource. To start, select a province listed below.

  • Step 1Select a province
  • Alberta
    • Step 2Select a grade level
    • Grade 9
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Knowlege And Employability: Patterns and Relations
        • Knowlege And Employability: Statistics and Probability
        • Patterns and Relations
        • Statistics and Probability
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Biological Diversity
        • Knowledge and Employability Science: Biological Diversity (Social and Environmental Contexts Emphasis)
    • Grade 10
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Math 10C: Relations and Functions
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Science 10-4 (Knowledge and Employability Science): Investigating Matter and Energy in Environmental Systems
        • Science 10-4 (Knowledge and Employability Science):Investigating Properties of Matter
        • Science 10: Energy and Matter in Chemical Change
        • Science 14: Investigating Properties of Matter
        • Science 14:Investigating Matter and Energy in the Environment
    • Grade 11
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Biology
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Biology 20: Ecosystems and Population Change
      • Chemistry
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Chemistry 20: Matter as Solutions, Acids and Bases
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Science 20: Changes in Living Systems
        • Science 24:Applications of Matter and Chemical Change
    • Grade 12
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Biology
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Biology 30: Population and Community Dynamics
      • Chemistry
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Chemistry 30: Chemical Equilibrium Focusing on Acid-Base Systems
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Science 30: Chemistry and the Environment
  • British Columbia
    • Step 2Select a grade level
    • Grade 9
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Analyzing the validity, reliability, and representation of data enables us to compare and interpret.
        • Continuous linear relationships can be identified and represented in many connected ways to identify regularities and make generalizations
    • Grade 10
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Foundations of Mathematics and Pre-calculus: Constant rate of change is an essential attribute of linear relations and has meaning in different representations and contexts.
        • Foundations of Mathematics and Pre-calculus: Representing and analyzing situations allows us to notice and wonder about relations.
        • Workplace Mathematics: Representing and analyzing data allows us to notice and wonder about relationships
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Chemical processes require energy change as atoms are rearranged
        • Energy is conserved and its transformation can affect living things and the environment
    • Grade 11
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Chemistry
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Chemistry 11: Solubility within a solution is determined by the nature of the solute and the solvent
        • Chemistry 11:Matter and energy are conserved in chemical reactions.
      • Environmental Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Environmental Science 11: Changing ecosystems are maintained by natural processes.
        • Environmental Science 11: Complex roles and relationships contribute to diversity of ecosystems
        • Environmental Science 11: Human practices affect the sustainability of ecosystems
    • Grade 12
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Chemistry
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Chemistry 12: Acid or base strength depends on the degree of ion dissociation
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Specialized Science 12: Biodiversity is dependent on the complex interactions and processes between biotic and abiotic factors
        • Specialized Science 12: Climate change impacts biodiversity and ecosystem health
  • Manitoba
    • Step 2Select a grade level
    • Grade 9
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Patterns & Relations
        • Statistics and Probability
    • Grade 10
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Senior 2 Science: Chemistry in Action
        • Senior 2 Science: Dynamics of Ecosystems
    • Grade 11
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Chemistry
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Chemical Reactions
        • Solutions
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Essential Mathematics : Statistics
    • Grade 12
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Biology
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Biology: Conservation of Biodiversity
      • Chemistry
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Chemistry 40S:Acids and Bases
  • New Brunswick
    • Step 2Select a grade level
    • Grade 9
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Patterns and Relations
        • Statistics and Probability
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Science 9 Ecosystem Dynamics: Learning and Living Sustainably (STSE)
        • Science 9 Ecosystem Dynamics: The Nature of Science
    • Grade 10
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Number, Relations and Functions 10: Relations and Functions
    • Grade 11
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Biology
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Biology 11: Biodiversity
      • Chemistry
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Chemistry 11: From Structures to Properties
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Financial and Workplace Mathematics 110: Statistics
    • Grade 12
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Biology
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Biology 122/121: Evolution, Change and Diversity
      • Chemistry
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Acids and Bases
        • Chemistry 121 /122
  • Newfoundland & Labrador
    • Step 2Select a grade level
    • Grade 9
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Patterns and Relations
        • Statistics & Probability
    • Grade 10
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Math 1201: Relations and Functions
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Science 1206: Chemical Reactions
        • Science 1206: Sustainability of Ecosystems
    • Grade 11
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Biology
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Biology 2201: Ecosystem Interactions and Population Dynamics
      • Chemistry
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Chemistry 2202: From Structures to Properties
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Mathematics 2204/2205 :Statistics
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Science 2200: Ecosytems
    • Grade 12
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Biology
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Biology 3201: Evolution, Change and Diversity
      • Chemistry
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Chemistry 3202: Acids and Bases
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • General Science 3200 : Chemical Reactions
  • Northwest Territories
    • Step 2Select a grade level
    • Grade 9
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Patterns and Relations
        • Statistics and Probability
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Biological Diversity
    • Grade 10
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Math 10C: Relations and Functions
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Experiential Science 10, Terrestial Systems: Resource Management and Population Dynamics
        • Science 10-4 (Knowledge and Employability Science): Investigating Matter and Energy in Environmental Systems
        • Science 10-4 (Knowledge and Employability Science):Investigating Properties of Matter
        • Science 10: Energy and Matter in Chemical Change
        • Science 14: Investigating Properties of Matter
        • Science 14:Investigating Matter and Energy in the Environment
    • Grade 11
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Biology
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Biology 20: Ecosystems and Population Change
      • Chemistry
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Chemistry 20: Matter as Solutions, Acids and Bases
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Experiential Science 20, Marine Systems: Habitats, Population Dynamics and Management
        • Experiential Science 20, Marine Systems: Introduction to Oceanography
        • Experiential Science 20, Marine Systems: Ocean Ecology
        • Science 20-4:Applications of Matter and Chemical Change
        • Science 20: Changes in Living Systems
        • Science 24: Applications of Matter and Chemical Change
    • Grade 12
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Biology
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Biology 30: Population and Community Dynamics
      • Chemistry
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Chemistry 30: Chemical Equilibrium Focusing on Acid-Base Systems
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Science 30: Chemistry and the Environment
  • Nova Scotia
    • Step 2Select a grade level
    • Grade 9
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Patterns and Relations
        • Statistics and Probability
    • Grade 10
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Math 10: Relations and Functions
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Science 10: Sustainability of Ecosystems
        • Science 10:Chemical Reactions
    • Grade 11
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Biology
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Biology 11: Biodiversity
        • Biology 11: Interactions among Living Things
      • Chemistry
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Chemistry 11: From Structures to Properties
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Oceans 11: Marine Biome
    • Grade 12
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Biology
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • AP Biology: Ecology
        • Biology 12: Evolution, Change and Diversity
      • Chemistry
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Chemistry 12: Acids and Bases
      • Environmental Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • AP Environmental Science: Global Change
        • AP Environmental Science: The Living World: Biodiversity
  • Nunavut
    • Step 2Select a grade level
    • Grade 9
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Knowlege And Employability: Patterns and Relations
        • Knowlege And Employability: Statistics and Probability
        • Patterns and Relations
        • Statistics and Probability
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Biological Diversity
        • Knowledge and Employability Science: Biological Diversity (Social and Environmental Contexts Emphasis)
    • Grade 10
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Math 10C: Foundations of Mathematics & Pre- Calculus:Relations & Functions
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Investigating Properties of Matter
        • Experiential Science 10, Terrestial Systems: Resource Management and Population Dynamics
        • Science 10-4 (Knowledge and Employability Science): Investigating Matter and Energy in Environmental Systems
        • Science 10: Energy and Matter in Chemical Change
        • Science 14
        • Science 14: Investigating Matter and Energy in the Environment
    • Grade 11
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Chemistry
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Matter as Solutions, Acids and Bases
        • Quantitative Relationships in Chemical Changes
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Mathematics (Apprenticeship and Workplace Math):Statistics
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Experiential Science 20, Marine Systems: Habitats, Population Dynamics and Management
        • Experiential Science 20, Marine Systems: Introduction to Oceanography
        • Experiential Science 20, Marine Systems: Ocean Ecology
        • Science 20: Changes in Living Systems
        • Science 24:Applications of Matter and Chemical Change
    • Grade 12
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Biology
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Biologie 30 :Population and Community Dynamics
      • Chemistry
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Chemical Equilibrium Focusing on Acid-Base Systems
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Science 30: Chemistry and the Environment
  • Ontario
    • Step 2Select a grade level
    • Grade 9
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Foundations of Mathematics (Applied) Linear Relations
        • Principles of Mathematics (Academic) Linear Relations
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Science (Academic):Biology: Sustainable Ecosystems
        • Science (Applied): Biology: Sustainable Ecosystems and Human Activity
    • Grade 10
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Foundations of Mathematics (Applied) Modelling Linear Relations
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Science (Academic):Chemistry: Chemical Reactions
        • Science (Applied)::Chemistry: Chemical Reactions and Their Practical Applications
    • Grade 11
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Biology
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Biology 11(Univer.Prep.) Diversity of Living Things
      • Chemistry
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Solutions and Solubility
    • Grade 12
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Biology
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Biology 12 (Univ. Prep.): Population Dynamics
  • Prince Edward Island
    • Step 2Select a grade level
    • Grade 9
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Patterns and Relations
        • Statistics and Probability
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Science 9: Content Knowledge
    • Grade 10
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Math 421A. Relations and Functions
        • Math 421A: Management and Probability
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Science 421A: Content Knowledge
        • Science 431A: Life Science, Sustainability of Ecosystems
        • Sciene 431A: Chemical Reactions
    • Grade 11
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Biology
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Biology 521A: Biodiversity
        • Biology 521A: Interaction Among Living Things
      • Chemistry
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Chemistry 521A: From Structures to Properties
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Math 521A: Statistics
    • Grade 12
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Biology
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Biology 621A: Change and Diversity
      • Chemistry
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Chemistry 621: Acids and Bases
  • Quebec
    • Step 2Select a grade level
    • Grade 9
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Arithmetic & Algebra
        • Statistics & Probability
    • Grade 10
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Statistics and probability
      • Science & Technology
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Applied Science & Technology:The Living World
        • Environmental Science & Technology: The Living World
        • Science & Technology:The Living World
        • Science and the Environment: The Living World
  • Saskatchewan
    • Step 2Select a grade level
    • Grade 9
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Math 9: Statistics and Probability
        • Math 9:Patterns and Relations
    • Grade 10
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Science 10: Chemical Reactions
        • Science 10: Climate and Ecosystem Dynamics
  • Yukon Territory
    • Step 2Select a grade level
    • Grade 9
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Analyzing the validity, reliability, and representation of data enables us to compare and interpret.
        • Continuous linear relationships can be identified and represented in many connected ways to identify regularities and make generalizations
    • Grade 10
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Foundations of Mathematics and Pre-calculus: Constant rate of change is an essential attribute of linear relations and has meaning in different representations and contexts.
        • Foundations of Mathematics and Pre-calculus: Representing and analyzing situations allows us to notice and wonder about relations.
        • Workplace Mathematics: Representing and analyzing data allows us to notice and wonder about relationships
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Chemical processes require energy change as atoms are rearranged
        • Energy is conserved and its transformation can affect living things and the environment
    • Grade 11
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Chemistry
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Chemistry 11: Solubility within a solution is determined by the nature of the solute and the solvent
        • Chemistry 11:Matter and energy are conserved in chemical reactions.
      • Environmental Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Environmental Science 11: Changing ecosystems are maintained by natural processes.
        • Environmental Science 11: Complex roles and relationships contribute to diversity of ecosystems
        • Environmental Science 11: Human practices affect the sustainability of ecosystems
    • Grade 12
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Chemistry
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Chemistry 12: Acid or base strength depends on the degree of ion dissociation
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Specialized Science 12: Biodiversity is dependent on the complex interactions and processes between biotic and abiotic factors
        • Specialized Science 12: Chemical reactions are due to energy changes that result from the breaking and re-formation of bonds
        • Specialized Science 12: Climate change impacts biodiversity and ecosystem health

Themes Addressed

  • Ecosystems (2)

    • Biodiversity
    • Habitat Loss
  • Land Use & Natural Resources (1)

    • Fisheries
  • Water (1)

    • Marine Environments

Sustainability Education Principles

Principle Rating Explanation
Consideration of Alternative Perspectives Very Good

Students themselves get to take part in simulations on the subject so they can form their own opinions and take informed positions.

Consideration of Alternative Perspectives:
  • Satisfactory: absence of bias towards any one point of view
  • Good: students consider different points of view regarding issues, problems discussed
  • Very good: based on the consideration of different views, students form opinions and  take an informed position
Multiple Dimensions of Problems & Solutions Very Good

Some of the learning objectives of this resource are to identify major contemporary environmental challenges, and explain their causes and effects and to analyse social and economic issues related to overfishing and sustainable fishing.

Multiple Dimensions of Problems & Solutions:

Effectively addresses the environmental, economic and social dimensions of the issue(s) being explored.

  • Satisfactory: resource supports the examination of  these dimensions
  • Good:  resource explicitly examines the interplay of these dimensions
  • Very Good:  a systems-thinking approach is encouraged to examine these three dimensions
Respects Complexity Good
Respects Complexity:

The complexity of the problems/issues being discussed is respected.

Acting on Learning Poor/Not considered

No action opportunities are included in this resource.

Acting on Learning:

Learning moves from understanding  issues  to working towards positive change — in personal lifestyle, in school, in the community,  or for the planet

  • Satisfactory: action opportunities are included as extensions 
  • Good: action opportunities are core components of the resource
  • Very Good: action opportunities for students are well supported and intended to result in observable, positive change
Values Education Very Good

Each activity has a reflection at the end and the students are given the opportunity to reflect and express their opinions on the issues that have been discussed.

Values Education:

Students are explicitly provided with opportunities to identify, clarify and express their own beliefs/values.

Empathy & Respect for Humans Poor/Not considered

This is not considered in this resource.

Empathy & Respect for Humans: Empathy and respect are fostered for diverse groups of humans (including different genders, ethnic groups, sexual preferences, etc.).
Personal Affinity with Earth Good

The intent of these activities is to help students become passionate about Canada’s oceans, raise awareness of conservation issues, and bring Canada’s oceans just a little bit closer to home.

Personal Affinity with Earth:

Encourages a personal affinity with -the natural world.  

  • Satisfactory: connection is made to the natural world
  • Good: fosters appreciation/concern for the natural world
  • Very Good: fosters stewardship though practical and respectful experiences out-of-doors 
Locally-Focused Learning Satisfactory

While the resource talks about Canada's oceans, depending on where the students are from that could be either close or far from home.

Locally-Focused Learning:

Includes learning experiences that take advantage of issues/elements within the local community. 

  • Satisfactory: learning is made relevant to the lives of the learners
  • Good: learning is made relevant and has a local focus
  • Very Good: learning is made relevant, local and takes place ‘outside’ , in the community 
Past, Present & Future Good
Past, Present & Future: Promotes an understanding of the past, a sense of the present, and a positive vision for the future.

Pedagogical Approaches

Principle Rating Explanation
Open-Ended Instruction Good

Each activity comes with a set of reflection questions that students answer based on the simulations that they did. 

Open-Ended Instruction :

Lessons are structured so that multiple/complex answers are possible; students are not steered toward one 'right' answer.

Integrated Learning Good

Through these activities, students can attain objectives from Math through graphing, biology through biodiversity, and chemistry through understanding how the properties of chemical substances and their reactions can be applied to solve environmental challenges.

Integrated Learning:

Learning brings together content and skills  from more than one  subject area

  • Satisfactory: content from a number of different  subject areas is readily identifiable
  • Good:  resource is appropriate for use in more than one subject area
  • Very Good:  the lines between subjects are blurred 
Inquiry Learning Poor/Not considered
Inquiry Learning:

Learning is directed by questions, problems, or challenges that students work to address.   

  • Satisfactory: Students are provided with questions/problems to solve and some direction on how to arrive at solutions.
  • Good: students, assisted by the teacher clarify the question(s) to ask and the process to follow to arrive at solutions.  Sometimes referred to as Guided Inquiry
  • Very Good:  students generate the questions and assume much of the responsibility for how to solve them.  . Sometimes referred to as self-directed learning.

 

Differentiated Instruction Good

The difference in the activities of this resource addresses the needs of visual, auditory and kinesthetic learners. Unfortunately, there is no strategies for learners with difficulties.

Differentiated Instruction:

Activities address a range of student learning styles, abilities and readiness.

  • Satisfactory:  includes a variety of instructional approaches
  • Good: addresses  the needs of visual, auditory &  kinesthetic learners
  • Very Good: also includes strategies for learners with difficulties
Experiential Learning Satisfactory

Both activities in this resource are hands-on simulations of what is happening in Canada's oceans.

Experiential Learning:

Authentic learning experiences are provided

  • Satisfactory: learning takes place through ‘hands-on’ experience or simulation
  • Good: learning involves direct experience in a ‘real world context’
  • Very good: learning involves ‘real world experiences’ taking place’ beyond the school walls.
Cooperative Learning Satisfactory

It is suggested that students work in groups of two to four.

Cooperative Learning:

Group and cooperative learning strategies are a priority.

  • Satisfactory:  students work in groups
  • Good: cooperative learning skills are explicitly taught and practiced
  • Very Good: cooperative learning skills are explicitly taught, practiced and assessed
Assessment & Evaluation Satisfactory

No actual assessment tools are provided, but students have some reflection questions to answer that could be used to assess students understanding of the problem.

Assessment & Evaluation: Tools are provided that help students and teachers to capture formative and summative information about students' learning and performance. These tools may include reflection questions, checklists, rubrics, etc.
Peer Teaching Poor/Not considered

Peer teaching is not a focus in this resource beyond cooperative learning discussion taking place within pairs or small groups. 

Peer Teaching:

Provides opportunities for students to actively present their knowledge and skills to peers and/or act as teachers and mentors.

  • Satisfactory: incidental teaching that arises from cooperative learning, presentations, etc.
  • Good or Very Good: an opportunity is intentionally created to empower students to teach other students/community members. The audience is somehow reliant on the students' teaching (students are not simply ‘presenting')
Case Studies Poor/Not considered

There are no case studies included in this resource.

Case Studies:

Relevant case studies are included.  Case studies are thorough descriptions of real events from real situations that students use to explore  concepts in an authentic context.

Locus of Control Satisfactory

Extension activities are provided for both activities so students could choose to dive deeper into the subject if they wanted to.

Locus of Control: Meaningful opportunities are provided for students to choose elements of program content, the medium in which they wish to work, and/or to go deeper into a chosen issue.