Search for Resources

Snail Inquiry l

Elementary

Description

This inventive lesson supports inquiry through a practical approach that engages students in observing the fascinating world of garden snails.   Learning involves studying physiological features, analyzing environmental relationships and developing an understanding of sustainability.  The five hands-on activities provide a comprehensive experience during which students will:

  • Identify the unique structural characteristics of snails.
  • Compare and contrast snails to other living organisms.
  • Use reasoning skills to analyze factual information.
  • Investigate how snails interact with the environment to meet their needs.
  • Define and describe the importance of conservation.

General Assessment

What skills does this resource explicitly teach?

  • Inquiry
  • Observation
  • Procedural writing
  • Questioning

Strengths

  • Includes an outdoor exploration.
  • Includes rubrics for assessment.
  • Using snails as the inquiry subject makes the resource applicable in most regions and habitats.
  • Teaches students how to interact with nature safely and responsibly.

Weaknesses

  • Contains limited background information for the teacher and student. 
  • The suggested length for all activities is 8-10 classes which might cause time constraints for covering all of the material.

Recommendation of how and where to use it

This lesson supports K-2 Science and Social Studies outcomes related to growth and development of animals and interactions between animals and their environment.  There are also opportunities to incorporate English Language Arts, Visual Arts and Mathematics outcomes as students research written material, analyze data and present visual displays.   A key component of the lesson involves collecting and keeping snails in a temporary habitat in the classroom.  This activity could easily be developed into an action project in which students create a schoolyard green space that provides habitat for snails and other shade loving organisms like toads.

Snails and slogs are important prey for other animal species but are pests to home gardeners and farmers because of the damage caused to flower and vegetables.  Many gardeners resort to control methods that could introduce harmful chemicals to the environment and locally affect food availability for bird and amphibian populations.  A class could undertake a community awareness campaign to promote green methods for discouraging snails and slugs from gardens without killing them.  Students could collaborate with a local organic farm by offering demonstrations and workshops about natural pest control techniques.

Relevant Curriculum Units

The following tool will allow you to explore the relevant curriculum matches for this resource. To start, select a province listed below.

  • Step 1Select a province
  • Alberta
    • Step 2Select a grade level
    • Kindergarten
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Arts:Art
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Comprehend & Respond
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Patterns and Relations (Patterns)
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • The child demonstrates curiosity, interest and a willingness to learn about the environment and community
        • The child explores familiar places and things in the environment and community
    • Grade 1
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Arts: Visual Arts
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Comprehend & Respond
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Patterns & Relations
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Needs of Animals and Plants
    • Grade 2
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Comprehend & Respond
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Statistics & Probability
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Small Crawling and Flying Animals
  • British Columbia
    • Step 2Select a grade level
    • Kindergarten
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Arts Education: Visual Arts
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Writing & Representing
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Patterns & Relations
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Science: Plants and animals have observable features
      • Social Studies
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Self, Family, School: Human and Physical Environment
    • Grade 1
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Arts Education: Visual Arts
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Writing & Representing
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Patterns & Relations
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Science 1: Living things have features and behaviours that help them survive in their environment
      • Social Studies
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Self, Family, School: Human & Physical Environment
    • Grade 2
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Arts Education: Visual Arts
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Writing & Representing
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Statistics & Probability
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Science 2: Living things have life cycles adapted to their environment
      • Social Studies
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Self, Family, School: Human & Physical Environment
  • Manitoba
    • Step 2Select a grade level
    • Kindergarten
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Visual Arts
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Comprehend and respond personally and critically
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Patterns & Relations
      • Social Studies
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Being Together:The World and Me
    • Grade 1
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Arts: Visual Arts
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Comprehend and respond personally and critically
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Patterns & Relations
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Characteristics and Needs of Living Things
      • Social Studies
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • My Environment
    • Grade 2
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Arts: Visual Arts
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Comprehend and respond personally and critically
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Statistics & Probability
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Growth and Changes in Animals
      • Social Studies
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Our Local Community
  • New Brunswick
    • Step 2Select a grade level
    • Kindergarten
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Writing and Representing
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Patterns and Relations
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • You and Your World: Our Senses
        • You and Your World: Place and Community
      • Social Studies
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • You and Your World:Place and Community
      • Visual Art
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Visual Arts: Create
    • Grade 1
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Arts: Creating, Making, and Presenting
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Writing & Other Ways of Representing
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Patterns and Relations
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • You and Your World: Our Environment
      • Social Studies
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • You and Your World: Our Environment
      • Visual Art
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Visual Arts: Create
    • Grade 2
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Arts General: Creating, Making, and Presenting
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Writing & Other Ways of Representing
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Statistics and Probability
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • You and Your World: Change and the Physical Environment
        • You and Your World: Growth and Development
      • Social Studies
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • You and Your World: Growth and Development
      • Visual Art
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Visual Arts: Create
  • Newfoundland & Labrador
    • Step 2Select a grade level
    • Kindergarten
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Arts: Creating, Making, and Presenting
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Writing & Representing
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Making Sense of Data/Data Analysis
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Exploring My World: Animals
        • Exploring My World: Living and Nonliving Things
      • Social Studies
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Place
    • Grade 1
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Arts: Creating, Making, and Presenting
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Writing & Representing
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Patterns & Relations
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Daily & Seasonal Changes
        • Needs and Characteristics of Living Things
      • Social Studies
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Environments
    • Grade 2
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Arts: Creating, Making, and Presenting
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Writing & Representing
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Statistics & Probability
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Animal Growth and Changes
  • Northwest Territories
    • Step 2Select a grade level
    • Kindergarten
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Comprehend and Respond
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Shape & Space
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Life Systems: Senses & the Body
      • Social Studies
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • The World and Me
    • Grade 1
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Arts Education 1: Visual Art
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Comprehend and Respond
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Statistics & Probability (Data Analysis)
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Earth and Space Systems: Daily and Seasonal Cycles
        • Life Systems: Characteristics and Needs of Living Things
      • Social Studies
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Connecting and Belonging: My Environment
    • Grade 2
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Arts Education 2 : Visual Art
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Comprehend & Respond
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Statistics & Probability
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Life Science: Growth and Changes in Animals
      • Social Studies
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Communities in Canada: Our Local Community
  • Nova Scotia
    • Step 2Select a grade level
    • Kindergarten
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Primary: Writing and Other Ways of Representing
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Patterns and Relations
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Primary Science: Explore Living Things
      • Social Studies
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Place
      • Visual Art
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Visual Arts Primary
        • Visual Arts Primary: Making
    • Grade 1
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Integrated Language Arts 1: Writing and Other Ways of Representing
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Patterns & Relations
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Science 1: Needs & Characteristics of Living Things
    • Grade 2
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Integrated Language Arts 2: Writing and Other Ways of Representing
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Mathematics 2: Statistics and Probability
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Science 2: Animal Growth and Changes
      • Social Studies
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Social Studies 2:Environments
      • Visual Art
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Visual Arts 2
        • Visual Arts: Creative/Productive-Making
  • Nunavut
    • Step 2Select a grade level
    • Kindergarten
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Arts: Visual Art
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Comprehend and Respond
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Patterns & Relations
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Life Systems: Senses & the Body
      • Social Studies
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Being Together: The Land: Place & People
    • Grade 1
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Arts: Visual Art
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Comprehend and Respond
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Earth and Space Systems: Daily and Seasonal Cycles
        • Life Systems: Characteristics and Needs of Living Things
      • Social Studies
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Connecting and Belonging: The Land: Place & People
    • Grade 2
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Arts: Visual Art
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Comprehend & Respond
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Statistics & Probability
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Life Science: Growth and Changes in Animals
      • Social Studies
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Communities in Canada: The Land: Place & People
  • Ontario
    • Step 2Select a grade level
    • Kindergarten
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Arts: Overall Expectations
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Language: Overall Expectations
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Overall Expectations
      • Science & Technology
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Overall Expectations
    • Grade 1
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Arts: Visual Arts
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Language: Writing
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Data Management and Probability
      • Science & Technology
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Daily and Seasonal Changes
        • Needs and Characteristics of Living Things
      • Social Studies
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • People and Environments: The Local Community
    • Grade 2
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Arts: Visual Arts
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Language: Writing
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Data Management and Probability
      • Science & Technology
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Growth & Changes in Animals
      • Social Studies
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • People and Environments: Global Communities
  • Prince Edward Island
    • Step 2Select a grade level
    • Kindergarten
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Arts: Creative Development
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Writing and Representing
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Early Numeracy
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Exploring the World Using Our Senses
      • Social Studies
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Units/ Outcomes
    • Grade 1
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Writing and Other Ways of Representing
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Patterns and Relationships
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Daily and Seasonal Changes
        • Needs and Characteristics of Living Things
      • Social Studies
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Environments
      • Visual Art
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Visual Arts: Creating and Presenting
    • Grade 2
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Writing and Other Ways of Representing
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Statistics and Probability
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Animal Growth and Changes:Investigating the Needs and Life Cycles of an Organism
      • Social Studies
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Environment
  • Quebec
    • Step 2Select a grade level
    • Grade 1
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Arts: Visual Arts:To appreciate works of art, media images, personal productions and those of classmates
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • To write self - expressive narrative and information -
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Statistics & Probability
      • Science & Technology
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Living things
    • Grade 2
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Arts: Visual Arts:To appreciate works of art, media images, personal productions and those of classmates
        • Arts: Visual Arts:To produce individual works in the visual arts
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • To write self - expressive narrative and information -
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Statistics & Probability
      • Science & Technology
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Living things
  • Saskatchewan
    • Step 2Select a grade level
    • Kindergarten
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Arts: Exploring Our World
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Comprehend and Respond
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Patterns and Relations
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Units & Outcomes
    • Grade 1
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Arts Education 1: Visual Art
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Comprehend and Respond
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Patterns and Relations
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Daily and Seasonal Changes
        • Needs & Characteristics of Living Things
      • Social Studies
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • My Family: Interactions and Interdependence
    • Grade 2
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Arts Education 2: Visual Art
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Comprehend and Respond
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Statistics and Probability
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Animal Growth and Changes
      • Social Studies
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • My Community: Interaction and Interdependence
  • Yukon Territory
    • Step 2Select a grade level
    • Kindergarten
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Arts Education: Visual Arts
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Writing & Representing
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Patterns & Relations
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Life Science: Characteristics of LIving Things
      • Social Studies
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Human and Physical Environment
    • Grade 1
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Arts Education: Visual Arts
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Writing & Representing
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Patterns & Relations
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Earth & Space Science: Daily & Seasonal Changes
        • Life Sciences: Needs of Living Things
      • Social Studies
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Self, Family, School: Human & Physical Environment
    • Grade 2
      • Step 3Select a subject
      • Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Arts Education: Visual Arts
      • English/Language Arts
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Writing & Representing
      • Math
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Statistics & Probability
      • Science
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Life Science: Animal Growth & Changes
      • Social Studies
        • Step 4Relevant matches
        • Self, Family, School: Human & Physical Environment

Themes Addressed

  • Ecosystems (3)

    • Appreciating the Natural World
    • Biodiversity
    • Interdependence

Sustainability Education Principles

Principle Rating Explanation
Consideration of Alternative Perspectives Good

An approach that combines brainstorming, experimentation and modeling fosters independence and creativity while supporting an informed decision-making process.

Consideration of Alternative Perspectives:
  • Satisfactory: absence of bias towards any one point of view
  • Good: students consider different points of view regarding issues, problems discussed
  • Very good: based on the consideration of different views, students form opinions and  take an informed position
Multiple Dimensions of Problems & Solutions Good

Students gain a deeper understanding of the connection between the environment and human health as they learn about the role of gastropods in important ecological processes like decomposition.

Multiple Dimensions of Problems & Solutions:

Effectively addresses the environmental, economic and social dimensions of the issue(s) being explored.

  • Satisfactory: resource supports the examination of  these dimensions
  • Good:  resource explicitly examines the interplay of these dimensions
  • Very Good:  a systems-thinking approach is encouraged to examine these three dimensions
Respects Complexity Good

This lesson motivates students to use reasoning and collaboration to evaluate information and determine the direction of further research.

Respects Complexity:

The complexity of the problems/issues being discussed is respected.

Acting on Learning Satisfactory

Although the lesson does not include specific action projects, the topic does provide a basis for classroom environmental initiatives such as building a vermicomposter, promoting reduced pesticide use within the community and involvement in community habitat restoration projects.

Acting on Learning:

Learning moves from understanding  issues  to working towards positive change — in personal lifestyle, in school, in the community,  or for the planet

  • Satisfactory: action opportunities are included as extensions 
  • Good: action opportunities are core components of the resource
  • Very Good: action opportunities for students are well supported and intended to result in observable, positive change
Values Education Good

Initially some students may be repulsed by snails which are often represented as slimy and unappealing.  However, the guided learning of this lesson provides a supportive environment for students to examine their feelings about these animals and develop an awareness of the vital connections between all organisms in the natural world.

Values Education:

Students are explicitly provided with opportunities to identify, clarify and express their own beliefs/values.

Empathy & Respect for Humans Poor/Not considered

This resource focuses on nature thus a human component is not an important feature of the lesson.

Empathy & Respect for Humans: Empathy and respect are fostered for diverse groups of humans (including different genders, ethnic groups, sexual preferences, etc.).
Personal Affinity with Earth Very Good

The outdoor component has students closely studying the environment to locate and view snails in their natural habitat.   This observation of the sights, sounds and smells of nature creates a very personal and meaningful experience for each individual

Personal Affinity with Earth:

Encourages a personal affinity with -the natural world.  

  • Satisfactory: connection is made to the natural world
  • Good: fosters appreciation/concern for the natural world
  • Very Good: fosters stewardship though practical and respectful experiences out-of-doors 
Locally-Focused Learning Good

The lesson centres on investigating local snail populations within a natural area close to school.  Consequently, students will be able to recognize habitat features within their community and develop more awareness of the value of these green spaces.

Locally-Focused Learning:

Includes learning experiences that take advantage of issues/elements within the local community. 

  • Satisfactory: learning is made relevant to the lives of the learners
  • Good: learning is made relevant and has a local focus
  • Very Good: learning is made relevant, local and takes place ‘outside’ , in the community 
Past, Present & Future Satisfactory

A teacher could add an interesting research extension to this lesson by having students develop a small natural space on school grounds and measuring snail abundance before and after the habitat improvements.  The information would support a school-wide awareness program where the class demonstrates the role of conservation in maintaining healthy environments for the future.

Past, Present & Future: Promotes an understanding of the past, a sense of the present, and a positive vision for the future.

Pedagogical Approaches

Principle Rating Explanation
Open-Ended Instruction Good

The “Fact or Fiction?” and “Snail Research” activities foster curiosity by allowing students to make their own conclusions about information through meaningful dialogue between classmates and the teacher.

Open-Ended Instruction :

Lessons are structured so that multiple/complex answers are possible; students are not steered toward one 'right' answer.

Integrated Learning Good

The emphasis is on Science and Social Studies outcomes related to sustainability however, the analysis of written information and scientific data support ELA outcomes and statistical math concepts.  Students also develop a Visual Art project where they create a painting or diorama of a snail in its habitat.

Integrated Learning:

Learning brings together content and skills  from more than one  subject area

  • Satisfactory: content from a number of different  subject areas is readily identifiable
  • Good:  resource is appropriate for use in more than one subject area
  • Very Good:  the lines between subjects are blurred 
Inquiry Learning Good

An important feature of this lesson is the emphasis on the scientific process where students access prior knowledge to develop questions that can be tested through research which provides a framework for informed conclusions. 

Inquiry Learning:

Learning is directed by questions, problems, or challenges that students work to address.   

  • Satisfactory: Students are provided with questions/problems to solve and some direction on how to arrive at solutions.
  • Good: students, assisted by the teacher clarify the question(s) to ask and the process to follow to arrive at solutions.  Sometimes referred to as Guided Inquiry
  • Very Good:  students generate the questions and assume much of the responsibility for how to solve them.  . Sometimes referred to as self-directed learning.

 

Differentiated Instruction Satisfactory

No specific differentiation strategies are included although there are some general suggestions for assisting struggling students.  The hands-on nature of the snail observations will appeal to a wide range of learners.

Differentiated Instruction:

Activities address a range of student learning styles, abilities and readiness.

  • Satisfactory:  includes a variety of instructional approaches
  • Good: addresses  the needs of visual, auditory &  kinesthetic learners
  • Very Good: also includes strategies for learners with difficulties
Experiential Learning Good

There are many opportunities for students to be actively involved in questioning and processing information especially during the outdoor exploration and the in-depth observations of snails in the classroom habitat.  Going outside also allows students to expand their learning beyond the lesson as they observe and interact with a local natural area.

Experiential Learning:

Authentic learning experiences are provided

  • Satisfactory: learning takes place through ‘hands-on’ experience or simulation
  • Good: learning involves direct experience in a ‘real world context’
  • Very good: learning involves ‘real world experiences’ taking place’ beyond the school walls.
Cooperative Learning Satisfactory

Small group work is used to foster peer to peer dialogue and generate ideas.  Students are also encouraged to break into small groups to conduct research projects such as determining food preferences of snails. 

Cooperative Learning:

Group and cooperative learning strategies are a priority.

  • Satisfactory:  students work in groups
  • Good: cooperative learning skills are explicitly taught and practiced
  • Very Good: cooperative learning skills are explicitly taught, practiced and assessed
Assessment & Evaluation Good

Rubrics are used for the formative assessment of science skills and to evaluate the final visual art project.   Open-ended questions provide the framework for students to explain and justify their ideas so a teacher can informally assess the processing of new information.

Assessment & Evaluation: Tools are provided that help students and teachers to capture formative and summative information about students' learning and performance. These tools may include reflection questions, checklists, rubrics, etc.
Peer Teaching Satisfactory

The small group process means that a teacher can incorporate peer teaching into this lesson by having the groups present their information through activities such as a gallery walk or think-pair-share.

Peer Teaching:

Provides opportunities for students to actively present their knowledge and skills to peers and/or act as teachers and mentors.

  • Satisfactory: incidental teaching that arises from cooperative learning, presentations, etc.
  • Good or Very Good: an opportunity is intentionally created to empower students to teach other students/community members. The audience is somehow reliant on the students' teaching (students are not simply ‘presenting')
Case Studies Satisfactory

This lesson focuses on a native animal species within a local habitat therefore the content is extremely relevant especially since students may have been previously unaware of the importance of snails within the local environment.

Case Studies:

Relevant case studies are included.  Case studies are thorough descriptions of real events from real situations that students use to explore  concepts in an authentic context.

Locus of Control Satisfactory

Due to the young age level this lesson requires a significant amount of teacher direction.  However, there is significant attention paid to having students select their own research questions and presentation methods.

Locus of Control: Meaningful opportunities are provided for students to choose elements of program content, the medium in which they wish to work, and/or to go deeper into a chosen issue.