- What is ESD?
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Prior to the main simulation activity that deals with small scale, family farming in African villages, students are asked to discuss personal experiences of farming and hunger and to define food security, subsistence farming and malnutrition.
Through the simulation activity, students experience the challenges, decisions and impacts that subsistence farmers in the developing world face. In "village" groups, students decide which crops they will plant over two seasons, during which time they are randomly assigned dry and wet years. These conditions engender various food yields that may result in subsistence living or malnutrition and illness.
Following this simulation, thought-provoking questions are provided for students to generate discussion about subsistence farming issues such as malnutrition, illness and labor shortages.
Writing connection options are provided on agricultural practices and food security in a developing country, where your food comes from and how it reaches the supermarket, and the affect of international trade agreements on subsistence farmers and western consumers.
Finally, three action projects are suggested: define your "foodshed" by finding out what foods are grown in your region; research community supported agriculture and team up with a local food bank to develop a cook book.
The following tool will allow you to explore the relevant curriculum matches for this resource. To start, select a province listed below.
|Bias Minimization: Presents as many different points of view as necessary to fairly address the issue(s).|
|Multiple Dimensions of Problems & Solutions||Good|
|Multiple Dimensions of Problems & Solutions: |
The resource effectively addresses multiple dimensions of problems and solutions. These should include the environmental, economic and social dimensions of the issue(s) being explored.
|Respects Complexity||Very Good|
|Respects Complexity: The complexity of problems is respected. A systems-thinking approach is encouraged.|
|Action Experience: Provides opportunities for authentic action experiences in which students can work to make positive change in their communities.
|Action Skills||Poor/Not considered|
|Action Skills: Explicitly teaches the skills needed for students to take effective action (e.g. letter-writing, consensus-building, etc.).|
|Empathy & Respect for Humans||Good|
|Empathy & Respect for Humans: Empathy and respect are fostered for diverse groups of humans (including different genders, ethnic groups, sexual preferences, etc.).|
|Personal Affinity with Earth||Poor/Not considered|
|Personal Affinity with Earth: Actively encourages a personal affinity with non-humans and with Earth. For example, this may involve practical and respectful experiences out-of-doors.|
|Locally-Focused: Encourages learning that is locally-focused/made concrete in some way and is relevant to the lives of the learners.|
|Past, Present & Future||Satisfactory|
|Past, Present & Future: Promotes an understanding of the past, a sense of the present, and a positive vision for the future.|
Lessons are structured so that multiple/complex answers are possible; students are not steered toward one 'right' answer.
|Interdisciplinary and Multidisciplinary Learning||Very Good|
|Interdisciplinary and Multidisciplinary Learning: Multidisciplinary= addresses a number of different subjects Interdisciplinary= integrated approach that blurs subject lines Good: The resource provides opportunities for learning in a number of traditional 'subject' areas (eg. Language Arts, Science, Math, Art, etc.). Very Good: The resource takes an integrated approach to teaching that blurs the lines between subject boundaries.|
|Discovery Learning: |
Learning activities are constructed so that students discover and build knowledge for themselves and develop largely on their own an understanding of concepts, principles and relationships. They often do this by wrestling with questions, and/or solving problems by exploring their environment, and/or physically manipulating objects and/or performing experiments.
|Values Clarification||Very Good|
|Values Clarification: Students are explicitly provided with opportunities to identify, clarify and express their own beliefs/values.
|Differentiated Instruction: Activities address a range of learning styles/different intelligences. They teach to both cognitive and affective domains. Accommodations are suggested for people with learning difficulties.|
|Experiential Learning: Direct, authentic experiences are used.
|Cooperative Learning: Group and cooperative learning strategies are a priority.
|Assessment & Evaluation||Good|
|Assessment & Evaluation: Tools are provided that help students and teachers to capture formative and summative information about students' learning and performance. These tools may include reflection questions, checklists, rubrics, etc.|
|Peer Teaching: Provides opportunities for students to actively present their knowledge and skills to peers and/or act as teachers and mentors.
|Case Studies||Poor/Not considered|
|Case Studies: Relevant case studies are used. Case studies are thorough descriptions of real events in real situations that can be used to examine concepts in an authentic context.|
|Locus of Control||Good|
|Locus of Control: Meaningful opportunities are provided for students to choose elements of program content, the medium in which they wish to work, and/or to go deeper into a chosen issue.|