- Review Process
- Take Action
- A project of
Empowering the Youngest Learners in a Warming World 3-6 was developed to support teachers in approaching climate change in an age-appropriate way with young students. This resource is a comprehensive guide to climate change education with five different chapters. Each chapter below consists of 3-4 guided inquiries to help bring climate change learning to your young learners.
Each inquiry theme below will begin by presenting background information for teachers about the specific subject matter concerning climate change and give an overview of the associated risks and trends. This guide provides educators with a blend of quality content (resources, videos, books, websites and ideas) and exemplary pedagogy to guide students through an inquiry-driven approach to climate change learning.
Chapter 1 – What is Climate Change and Why Care? - Students will explore and learn about the differences between weather and climate and understand the basic scientific principles of climate change through books, videos and interpretations of an infographic.
Chapter 2 – How Does Climate Change Affect Our World? - These inquiries delve deeper into the multifaceted environmental effects of climate change. Students harness their curiosity of the local environment by examining changes to systems and through systems thinking, specifically ecosystems, biodiversity and habitat loss.
Chapter 3 – How Does Addressing Climate Change Make Us Healthier? - This collection of inquiries explores sensitive material by examining the connection between climate change and many facets of human health. This inquiry includes resources, activities and information to inform educators of the serious and widespread effects of climate impacts on physical and mental health. This inquiry also invites students to reflect and consider their own health in the face of these serious climate changes.
Chapter 4 – It’s Easy Being Green - This chapter explores energy and the green options available to consumers. It then explores the difference between the needs and wants, as well as rights and responsibilities so that students understand and can act on the dire need to explore alternative energy options in their lifetime.
Chapter 5 – Indigenous Ways of Knowing - This chapter offers three different structured and scaffolded inquiries to support Indigenous Ways of Knowing. Indigenous People have passed on traditional knowledge from one generation to the next to learn to live sustainably with the Land. These inquiries explore various examples of these Indigenous Ways of Knowing and how the teachings and learning are passed on from one generation to the next.
Each inquiry structure includes:
Woven throughout each inquiry are lists of possible resources (including books and videos) and hands-on activities to pursue learning.
The inquiries include several suggestions so that every kind of learner will find ideas, questions and activities to explore based on their unique and diverse community characteristics and circumstances, inspiring learning that ultimately leads to action. Each chapter provides teachers with critical background information on the topics covered and the student content is offered in a variety of formats that are both interesting, effective and age appropriate.
The inquiry methodology adopted by the Guide take students in each of the inquiries through a process that starts by hooking students with provocative questions and ends with student action both inside and outside the school. To get there, students engage in many activities that make them active participants in the learning process.
The resource provides additional resources such as curricular connections for each chapter and an Active Learning Strategies Resource Bank. Throughout the guide you will notice that there are several active learning instructional startegies that have been woven into each inquriy. If clarification or further explanation is needed access the Active Learning Strategies Resource Bank for more details and instructions for implementation.
Each chapter provides curriculum connections for Science, Language, Social Studies, Physical Education and Health, Visual Arts and Mathematics. The resource provides easy to use pre-learning activities and principles for climate change discussions.
The following tool will allow you to explore the relevant curriculum matches for this resource. To start, select a province listed below.
|Consideration of Alternative Perspectives||Very Good|
The learning takes place using an inquiry model. The students consider different ways of looking at issues and reaching solutions by generating their own questions. They are forming opinions, clarifying values and taking an informed position driven by student-generated questions.
|Consideration of Alternative Perspectives: |
|Multiple Dimensions of Problems & Solutions||Good|
Climate Change affects students socially, emotionally and environmentally. As students investigate how a warming climate affects the natural world, they also examine interrelationships between environmental health and global quality of life. Our understanding of climate change and its impacts requires an understanding of multiple related systems (from the physical environment, to ecosystems, to human society) that transcend traditional subject boundaries. The nature of this complex problem requires deep learning which not only expands students’ knowledge and understanding about climate change but also touches their values, sense of place, feelings of responsibility, and capacities to enact change.
|Multiple Dimensions of Problems & Solutions: |
Effectively addresses the environmental, economic and social dimensions of the issue(s) being explored.
|Respects Complexity||Very Good|
The scope of the resource is ambitious because the subject is complex. It aims to expand in an age-appropriate manner not only student knowledge and understanding of climate change but also to have them consider how climate change relates to their values, their sense of place, their feelings of responsibility, and their capacity to enact change.
|Respects Complexity: |
The complexity of the problems/issues being discussed is respected.
|Acting on Learning||Very Good|
The Guide believes that allowing time for students to take action is an essential part of the learning process on climate change, as it empowers students and eases their eco-anxiety. Accordingly, each of the Inquiries concludes with Take Action, wherein students find ideas for taking action and examples of action projects undertaken by their peers in other schools.
The Guide also includes hyperlinks to other sites such as Our Canada Project, where students may find inspiration and support for taking action.
|Acting on Learning: |
Learning moves from understanding issues to working towards positive change — in personal lifestyle, in school, in the community, or for the planet
|Values Education||Very Good|
Throughout the resource students learn that cumulative small changes can result in significant global change. The resource emphasizes open dialogue with a focus on identifying personal emotional responses to climate change and communicating individual thoughts and opinions.
|Values Education: |
Students are explicitly provided with opportunities to identify, clarify and express their own beliefs/values.
|Empathy & Respect for Humans||Very Good|
This inquiry looks at how Indigenous peoples’ traditional knowledge, skills and practices, passed down from generation to generation, play a vital role in understanding climate action. Indigenous peoples have been, and are leaders, of climate action; their roles in monitoring climate change impacts and the environmental effects on their traditional lands and waters play a critical part in our fight against climate change. There is a great deal that we can learn from how Indigenous peoples have lived sustainably with the Land for countless generations. Incorporating diverse perspectives and sources of knowledge, such as Indigenous Knowledge Systems, are also imperative for effective adaptation.
|Empathy & Respect for Humans: Empathy and respect are fostered for diverse groups of humans (including different genders, ethnic groups, sexual preferences, etc.).|
|Personal Affinity with Earth||Very Good|
The resource provides many learning locally opportunities where the community becomes the classroom and learning is grounded in experiences right outside the school door, involving the natural, built and cultural environments.
This may take the form of neighborhood walks, educating their community about the risks posed by climate change, conducting a school waste audit, inviting municipal leaders into the classroom, planting trees or restoring a local habitat.
|Personal Affinity with Earth: |
Encourages a personal affinity with -the natural world.
|Locally-Focused Learning||Very Good|
Each of the Inquiries asks students to examine or investigate their local community in terms of the issue being addressed. This may take the form of neighborhood walks, educating their community about the risks posed by climate change, conducting a school waste audit, inviting Elders into the classroom, planting trees or cleaning up a local habitat.
|Locally-Focused Learning: |
Includes learning experiences that take advantage of issues/elements within the local community.
|Past, Present & Future||Good|
Chapter Five explores how Indigenous peoples have lived sustainably with the Land for countless generations. We need to listen carefully to better understand how Traditional knowledge, and its application, contribute to environmental sustainability and planning for the future. The resources suggested in the inquiries provide examples of how Indigenous People live in relationship with the natural world.
|Past, Present & Future: Promotes an understanding of the past, a sense of the present, and a positive vision for the future.|
|Open-Ended Instruction||Very Good|
The inquiry learning model adopted by the resource means that questions, not answers drive the study and that students contribute to determining what questions are asked. The teacher's role is that of facilitator and the role of the resource is to provide students with information and activities that enable students to develop their perspective on the issue and to recognize the perspective of others.
Lessons are structured so that multiple/complex answers are possible; students are not steered toward one 'right' answer.
|Integrated Learning||Very Good|
The guide provides opportunities to bring together content and skills from more than one subject area. Each chapter provides curricular connections.
|Integrated Learning: |
Learning brings together content and skills from more than one subject area
|Inquiry Learning||Very Good|
This guide follows the guiding principles of inquiry learning. Its purpose is to present opportunities to evolve students’ understanding of the climate and climate change, assess the risks and opportunities to mitigate and adapt to the changing climate, unpack ethical dimensions, and honour emotions that are part of the process of coming to understand the complexity and urgency of the issue. Lastly and most importantly, this guide aims to engage students in contributing to solutions in their schools, communities and homes. The guide connects educators to: instructional strategies that allow for students’ perspectives and voice, currently available climate change science and research, teacher resources and activities.
|Inquiry Learning: |
Learning is directed by questions, problems, or challenges that students work to address.
|Differentiated Instruction||Very Good|
The guide includes several differentiated instruction suggestions so that every kind of learner will find ideas, questions and activities to explore based on their unique and diverse community characteristics and circumstances, inspiring learning that ultimately leads to action.
|Differentiated Instruction: |
Activities address a range of student learning styles, abilities and readiness.
|Experiential Learning||Very Good|
The Guide includes numerous opportunities for students to take their learning outside the classroom. This includes neighbourhood walks to study the impact of climate change at the local level, outdoor activities such as Maple Trees and Marmots, an activity that explores the effects of climate change on animals and plants through role-playing games. This activity allows students to understand how climate change may affect plants and animals. Another game Lynx and Hare introduces the concept of predator and prey relationships and how their adaptations can be affected by climate change. Teachers are encouraged to invite community experts, Elders and Knowledge Keepers into the clasroom to enhance the learning.
|Experiential Learning: |
Authentic learning experiences are provided
|Cooperative Learning||Very Good|
In addition to the cooperative learning strategies such as Carousel Brainstorming and Knowledge Building Circles, the resource includes many Take Action suggestions that outline suggestions for students to work with the community.
|Cooperative Learning: |
Group and cooperative learning strategies are a priority.
|Assessment & Evaluation||Very Good|
Each of the Inquiries includes suggested assessment strategies. The Consolidation segment, which is also found in each Inquiry would also provide teachers with opportunities to assess student understanding, as would the Determining Understanding segment.
|Assessment & Evaluation: Tools are provided that help students and teachers to capture formative and summative information about students' learning and performance. These tools may include reflection questions, checklists, rubrics, etc.|
|Peer Teaching||Very Good|
The Take action suggestions provide opportunities for students to actively present their knowledge and learning to other students, community members, parents.
|Peer Teaching: |
Provides opportunities for students to actively present their knowledge and skills to peers and/or act as teachers and mentors.
The background information for teachers provides links to relevant and current information about climate change.
|Case Studies: |
Relevant case studies are included. Case studies are thorough descriptions of real events from real situations that students use to explore concepts in an authentic context.
|Locus of Control||Very Good|
The Question Generation segment of each inquiry helps teachers determine where students are in their initial understanding of a topic or an issue, then continues to evaluate their understanding throughout the learning process. The Determining Understanding segment enables students to pause and reflect on their learning, taking ownership of the process and practicing metacognitive strategies. By generating their own questions students participate in their program content.
|Locus of Control: Meaningful opportunities are provided for students to choose elements of program content, the medium in which they wish to work, and/or to go deeper into a chosen issue.|